Challenges at Rajaji
Since its inception managing Rajaij has been a challenge. It was not a totally pristine forest that was selected to form a Tiger Reserve. When the Park was created in 1983 there were communities like Gujjars & Gothias living inside the Park & it had Taungyas villages, highways, railways lines & a canal passing through the Park. Its proximity to three expanding large towns of Haridwar, Rishikesh & Dehradun itself were a big threat, The growth of Motichur & Raiwala villages near Haridwar has further proved to be an added threat of the Park.
The Chill- Moticur corridor which connects the eastern & western part of Rajaji is most critical for long term survival of elephant & tiger species & is also used by other wild animals. It is the only functional link between the eastern & western parts of the Rajaji Tiger Reserve. However this corridor is subjected to enormous human disturbances. National highway 58 from Haridwar to Rishikesh passes through the corridor between Motichur & Raiwala. A railway line along the National Highway also passes through the corridor. The army ammunition dump at Raiwala & Khand Gaon-III a resettled village of Tehri Dam oustees is located right on the elephant corridor.
Rajaji Tiger Reserve is one of the few National Parks of India which is very close to a capital city. Besides this internationally popular & visited towns of Haridwar & Rishikesh also touch the boundaries of the Park, in addition to this more than 100 villages that exist at the periphery of the Tiger Reserve further add the biotic pressure on the Park. The man animal conflict in Rajaji is primarily between humans & elephants but incidents of conflict with wild boar & Blue bull (Nilgai) also observed.