Faunal Biodiversity of Rajaji
Rajaji hums with life; It is one of the most diverse range of wildlife habitats in the country. A total of 49 species of mammals are known to be present here, including the Asian Elephant and the Tiger which are highly endangered species. One may get to watch a herd of elephants roaming majestically in the jungle or even a tiger picking its way through the tall grass or the visitor may get excited by various kinds of wildlife including Cheetal, Sambhar, wild Boar, Barking, Deer, Langur, Monitor Lizard, Leopard, Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten, Sloth Bear, Python, Civet Cat and even King Cobra. A vast variety of winged delights include Pea Fowl, Junglefowl, Kaleej Pheasant, Hornbill, Woodpecker, Thrush, Kingfisher, Parakeet, Warbler, Barbet, Finch, Indian roller, Oriole and the list goes on….
However, the most characteristic Himalayan mammal of this tract is the Goral (Mountain Goat), confined to cliffs and precipitous hills of Rajaji Tiger sighting is most sought after in Rajaji, but since the density of tiger per sq. km is low, sighting of the royal predator is a matter of chance. The visitors can sight Jungle Cat, Leopard and Leopard Cat also.
Rajaji is home to 315 bird species belonging to 57 families Out of the total species, 89 are migrants, 145 resident, 53 altitudinal migrants, 8 local migrants and status of 18 is unknown, which include birds like White-Napped Woodpecker, LesserSpotted Eagle, Northen Goshawk, etc.
Rajaji Tiger Reserve has also got spawning habitat of Mahseet in Song, Suswa and the Gages rivers. Dolphins and Crocodiles are found in Ganga while the tortoise is found in the Song, Suswa and Ganga rivers and various raus that flow through the Park.
In Rajaji some unique butterflies like the Orchid Tit, spot Swordtail, Common Blue Bottle, Common Nawab, Small Grass Yellow, Indian Oak Blue, Blue and Striped Tiger, Striped Blue Crow, Lemon Pansy and Lemon Emigrant can be seen fluttering around the small streams and bushes.